Indian Scenario

In India both central and state  governments  spending more of its budget on education sector comparatively  than the  defence and agriculture sector  but  not achieving highest literacy rate like developed countries (99%). this could be due to lack of  suitable  education system and modules. Out of 121 languages  spoken by 10,000 or more people, India’s schools teach only 58 to 69 different languages either as subjects or as media of instruction. Number of School Dropouts in India is 3.22 crore for the last academic year this may double because of chaos created by covid -19 pandemic. Number of illiterate blind and differently abled persons also increasing in considerable manner. Education is inaccessible  to hill and tribal area children due to lack of proper infrastructure and connectivity problems.

                     In this point in time we created new & innovative education modules which are avant-garde ,flexible, interactive and which can learn by the student himself anywhere any time. And with these modules, learning can continue inspite of lack of Infrastructure, communication system, transport facility and even without the presence of teaching staff or school infrastructure. This way of imparting education will help the poorest of poor even in inaccessible remote areas.

  • In India, according to the 2011 population census, the population with disabilities is around 26.8 million, constituting 2.21% of India’s total population.
  • Indians with disabilities are far more likely to suffer from poor social and economic development. Shockingly, 45% of this population illiterate, making it difficult for them to build better, more fulfilled lives.

                India’s budget for the financial year 2018-19 is ₹2,920,484 crore (equivalent to ₹33 trillion or US$460 billion in 2019) Defence sector is   ₹4,31,010.79 crore, Agriculture Sector ₹1,40,674.00 crore, Education Sector   ₹5,06,000.00 crore.

 

  1. Even though India spending more than the defence and agriculture sector as mentioned above comparatively on education sector both central and state  governments excluding private sector and parents. We are not achieving highest literacy rate like developed countries (99%) this is due to lack of  suitable  education system and modules India as very diverse culturally and linguistically. More than 19,500 languages or dialects are spoken in India as mother tongue, according to the latest analysis of a census released in 2018. There are 121 languages which are spoken by 10,000 or more people in India, Out of those 122 languages, India’s schools teach 58 to 69 different languages either as subjects or as media of instruction. Number of School Dropouts in India is 3.22 crore for the academic year 2017-18 (Source: National Sample Survey Organisation ) This may double because of chaos created by covid -19 pandemic. this will increase further 2% in the coming year (Source: PRS India).
  2. There are 78, 64,636 Children with disability in India as per 2019 “State of the Education Report for India: Children with Disabilities” which was released by UNESCO.
  3. As on 2018 There are 20,00,000 blind students in India including partially blind students also as per Indian Journal of Ophthalmologists.
  4. India has by far the largest population of illiterate adults at 28.7 crore of the global total as per the report of United Nations.
  5. As on 2018 as per National Statistical Office, India’s average literacy rate is 77.7%.While Andhra Pradesh’s literacy rate of 66.4% is the worst among all states in India and significantly lower than Bihar’s 70.9%, Kerala ranked highest in the list with 96.2%. Delhi stood second with 88.7%.

 

India has adopted the National Education Policy (NEP) in 2020, which outlines India to become the world knowledge center. Education will be compulsory for children between the age of 3-17 years with 5+3+3+4 curricular and teaching structure, recommends the mother tongue as a medium of instruction. In India more than 32 crore students have been affected. 13 crore students from classes 9 to 12 were most severely impacted by this lockdown. Dropout in India is expected to increase especially amongst girls. While population if India is projected to be 1.36 billion, India’s literacy rate is just 69.1%. Though public expenditure on education in figures has gone up, it is still insufficient (less than 3% now) to match the actual demands. The national education policy 2020 recommended that at least 6% of GDP should be spent on education to make a recognizable growth rate in education. 

 One key reason is that India is home to one in every three illiterate persons in the world. With 34% of the illiterate population in the world, India has the largest number of illiterates by far, with second-placed China at 11%.

 22.3% – India’s literacy rate ( NSO 2017 -18 )

 7.5 billion – (The Census Bureau’s International Data Base estimated that the world population reached 7.5 billion on June 13, 2018.)

 135.26 crore (2018) – India’s population

 

List of languages in 8 th schedule of the Indian constitution consists of 22 languages

1.Assamese  2.Bengali   3.Gujarati   4.Hindi  5.Kannada  6.Kashmiri  7.Konkani     8.Malayalam  9.Manipuri  10.Marathi  11.Nepali  12.Oriya  13.Punjabi   14.Sanskrit   15.Sindhi  16.Tamil  17.Telugu  18.Urdu  19.Bodo   20.Dogri  21.Maithili    22.Santhali 

 

                   Of these 14 were initially included in the constitution  , sindhi language was added in 1967. Therefore 3 more languages viz Konkani, Manipuri and nepali were included in 1992. Subsequently bodo, dogri, maithali and santhali were added in 2004.

Demands of languages for inclusion in the 8 th schedule – 38 more languages.